Almost Three Years After Her Death, Aretha Franklin’s Poor Estate Planning Continues To Haunt Her Family—Part 1
Nearly three years have passed since Aretha Franklin, known as the “Queen of Soul,” died at age 76. When she first passed away in August 2018, her family thought that Aretha died without any Will and Trust.
Since then, four different wills attributed to the late singer have been discovered. Ever since those documents came to light, her four adult sons—Clarence, Edward, Ted White Jr., and Kecalf—have been in court fighting one another over her assets, as well as who among them should be designated as the estate’s representative.
While a trial is set for August 2021 to establish whether any of the four documents, some of which are handwritten and barely legible, can formally stand as her will, Aretha’s story demonstrates just how destructive shoddy Wills and Trusts planning can be for loved ones.
Indeed, although her alleged wills clearly show Aretha was concerned for the well-being of her family, the legendary singer’s haphazard planning has pitted brother against brother, exposed dark family secrets, and lost millions of dollars to the IRS. Perhaps worst of all, while the legendary singer was notoriously private, all of this has played out in the news headlines for the whole world to see.
Aretha’s situation is definitely tragic, and sadly, far too common among famous musicians. Prince, Jimi Hendrix, and Bob Marley all died without a will. We cover her story and others like it in hopes that it will inspire you to do right by your loved ones by creating a proper Will and Trust.
Such planning is vital even if you have far less wealth than Aretha. In fact, planning can be even more critical for the loved ones of those with fewer assets. After all, given Aretha’s massive fortune, it’s likely that her heirs will still receive an inheritance, while similar mistakes would likely totally wipe out an estate with fewer assets.
Here we’ll discuss Aretha’s planning mistakes and how those errors have impacted both her family and fortune. From there, we’ll explain how proper planning could have prevented the entire mess from ever happening. Then we’ll outline the steps you can take to make certain that, unlike Aretha, your loved ones never have to endure such a nightmare.
Three Wills, a Sofa, and a Spiral Notebook
As we first reported in 2018, Aretha passed away due to pancreatic cancer in her Detroit home on August 16, 2018. At the time, it was widely believed she didn’t have a will at the time of her death. As a result, Michigan law stipulated her assets would be divided equally among her four adult sons, and they agreed to designate their cousin—Sabrina Owens—as the estate’s executor.
But in May 2019, Sabrina discovered three different handwritten wills while cleaning out the late singer’s home. According to Hour Detroit magazine, the three documents—two of which were dated from 2010 and found in a locked cabinet and one dated from 2014 was scribbled in a spiral notebook found under her sofa cushions. The one dated 2014 contain conflicting instructions for how the singer wanted her assets divided and whom she wanted as her executor.
The 2010 copies of Aretha’s handwritten will provide for regular allowances to be given to all four sons and leave specific assets to each of them. Those documents also name Sabrina and her son Ted as executors of her estate. However, the 2014 version provides for a simpler division of her assets in equal shares between her three youngest sons, and it leaves the decision as to how much money their older brother, Clarence, should receive up to his three brothers.
Clarence, Aretha’s first child, has unspecified special needs. He is currently 66 years old and has lived in a group home near Detroit for decades. Clarence is represented in these proceedings by his own court-appointed attorney.
Furthermore, in her 2014 will, Aretha reportedly wrote the names of Sabrina, Ted, and Kecalf as/ executors, but then apparently crossed out the first two names, according to Hour Detroit. Based on this, when the three wills were discovered, Kecalf filed to be appointed as the estate’s executor.
However, Ted and the attorney for Clarence, fought against Kecalf being named executor. Clarence’s attorney noted that Kecalf isn’t fit to be the executor, as he has not “displayed any ability or inclination to support himself and lacks the financial knowledge or ability to act as a fiduciary.”
Family Secrets Come to Light
In addition to causing infighting between the brothers, Aretha’s handwritten wills also disclosed previously unknown information about Clarence’s father, according to a report by NBC News. Aretha gave birth to Clarence Franklin when she was just 12 years old. The late singer rarely discussed her personal life in public. Additionally, until recently, Clarence’s father was reported to be a friend of Aretha’s from school, named Donald Burk.
Conversely, one of the handwritten wills from 2010 names Clarence’s father as Edward Jordan Sr. Mr. Jordan, who’s also the father of Aretha’s second son, Edward. Edward was born when she was 14. Little is known about Jordan. However, in the will, Aretha makes it clear that he was a terrible father and should get nothing from her estate.
On page six of the purported will, Aretha wrote, “His father, Edward Jordan Sr., should never receive or handle any money or property belonging to Clarence or that Clarence receives, as he has never made any contribution to his welfare, future, or past.” In both cases, the word “never” was underlined.
Also, the resulting court battle between the brothers led Sabrina to quit as executor. In January 2020, Sabrina filed her resignation with the court. In her resignation, she noting that the family feud “is not what [Aretha] would have wanted for us.” With Sabrina resignation, in March 2020, Oakland County Probate Court Judge Jennifer Callaghan appointed Reginald Turner, a Detroit attorney, as temporary personal representative for the estate.
The judge scheduled a hearing for June 2020 to determine whether any of the three handwritten wills can be deemed valid. Under Michigan law, a handwritten will can be valid as long as it meets three primary requirements: it must be dated, signed, and written by the decedent.
A Fourth Will Appears
Although the judge set a trial to determine the validity of the three wills, the ensuing pandemic caused that trial to be delayed. In the interim, yet another will was uncovered.
According to the New York Times, the latest version of her will, which was filed in probate court in March 2021 by lawyers for Clarence and Ted. This document is a typed, eight-page document, titled “The Will of Aretha Franklin,” along with another 23 pages that reportedly lay out the terms of a trust for Clarence. The documents which were presented are stamped as “draft” and unsigned.
The latest will was reportedly created by Aretha with the law firm Dickinson Wright in 2018. According to the court filing, Aretha hired Detroit lawyer Henry Grix to assist her with Wills and Trusts planning. The filing also includes correspondence between Grix and Aretha discussing her Will and Trust that’s dated back to 2017.
The draft of the fourth will would create a trust to benefit Clarence. It would also split her remaining assets equally between her three other sons and leave specific assets to her other relatives. The will also stipulates that the three youngest sons should serve as the estate’s representatives. As such, they would have the authority to make determinations about the late singer’s music rights, name, and likeness.
According to the lawyers for Clarence and Ted, the documents show that Aretha hired Grix and had been in discussions with him for more than two years about her Will and Trust. The documents also contained her initials. However, the late singer became too ill “to finish discussions on a few items” and was therefore unable to sign the papers.
It is still unclear exactly how the documents were obtained and why it took so long for them to come to light. While the court filing noted that the documents were discovered “late in 2019,” the lawyer for Clarence told the New York Times that the date was a mistake and that he actually received the document in December 2020 as a response to a subpoena.
Although the fourth will was not signed by Aretha, Ted asks the court to recognize the draft of the will and its accompanying notes as Aretha’s final wishes. His petition cites Michigan law that allows a deceased person’s “intent to be recognized even if the documents are defective in execution.”
In light of the new will, the judge scheduled a trial for August 2021. This trial will determine whether any of the documents that have been found can be deemed a valid will and therefore govern the Queen of Soul’s estate.
An Incomplete and Inadequate Plan
Based on all of the different versions of her will, it’s clear that Aretha cared deeply about her four sons and other family members. It she wanted her is also clear that she wanted loved ones to benefit from her wealth and other assets. However, given that her first few attempts at planning were done on her own, by hand, and then seemingly lost or forgotten about, she didn’t take the job as seriously as she should have.
While the discovery of the fourth will suggests that Aretha did get serious about creating a more formal plan in her final years, it’s puzzling why that version of her will and its corresponding instructions to create a trust for her oldest son, Clarence, didn’t surface earlier. Indeed, if the New York Times report is accurate, those documents were only uncovered in response to a subpoena. Even then, they were incomplete, unsigned.
What’s more, even if Aretha’s fourth will is ruled valid, her estate is still on the hook for millions in back taxes. According to the Detroit Free Press, when she died in 2018, the IRS claimed the singer’s estate owed more than $7.8 million in unpaid income taxes. While the sons have reportedly worked out a tentative deal with the IRS that will finally give them access to small cash payments from their mother’s estate, the terms of the deal must still be approved by the Judge.
Adding that huge tax liability on top of all the other troubles that have plagued her loved ones since the day she died, it becomes clear that Aretha could have done a much better job at Wills and Trusts planning. As we’ll see next week, with the proper planning, the legendary singer’s loved ones would have had immediate access to her assets upon her death which would the need for court involvement altogether and kept the contents and terms of her estate totally private.
Further, a truly effective plan also would have provided a lifetime’s worth of support for her eldest son Clarence, who has special needs and will likely need financial support for the rest of his life. Most importantly, it would have done so without disqualifying Clarence for vital governmental support. If you have a loved one with special needs, contact us, as your Personal Family Lawyer®, to learn more about the unique strategies which can be implemented in Wills and Trusts planning for those with special needs.
This article is a service of Levi L. Alexander, Personal Family Lawyer®. We do not just draft documents. We help to ensure you make informed and empowered decisions about life and death, for yourself and the people you love. This is why we offer a Family Wealth Planning Session™. During this session, you will get more financially organized than you’ve ever been before and make all the best choices for the people you love. You can begin by calling our office to schedule a Family Wealth Planning Session and mention this article to find out how to get this $750 session for free.